Archive Pages Design$type=blogging

Rampaging Vikings Were Probably High on Psychedelic Tea

Fans of Viking lore know that the most feared of the Norse warriors were the Berserkers – reckless, unpredictable and highly aggressive fig...


Fans of Viking lore know that the most feared of the Norse warriors were the Berserkers – reckless, unpredictable and highly aggressive fighters who often attacked while shirtless … and sometimes even naked. While it makes for great TV and movies, being a bare battling Berserker doesn’t sound too bright – and a new study has found that these warriors may not have given much thought to their wild behavior because they were high on psychedelic tea. Wait a minute … Vikings drank tea?

“The berserkers were said to be not just ordinary warriors, but rather to fight while in a specific trance-like state, which was likely helpful in dissociating them from the close-up atrocities they would have seen and committed in battle. This state has been variously claimed to involve anger, increased strength, a dulled sense of pain, decreases in their levels of humanity and reason, behaviour akin to that of wild animals (including howling and biting on their shields), shivering, chattering of their teeth, chill in the body, and invulnerability to iron (swords) as well as fire. Additionally, they were said to attack enemies indiscriminately with no sense of friend or foe and to throw off their armour in battle.”

While this sounds like a rugby match (or soccer hooligans), it’s a description of the Berserkers by Karsten Fatur, ethnobotanist at the University of Ljbuljana in Slovenia who studies the relationships between plants and humans. In a paper published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Fatur first looks at the generally accepted explanation for the fierce but wild behavior of the Berserkers – magic mushrooms.

Specifically, fly agaric (Amanita muscaria), a hallucinogenic mushroom whose effects include auditory illusions, vomiting, hyperthermia, sweating, reddening of the face, twitching, trembling, dilated pupils, increased muscle tone, delirium, and seizures. All of those were apparently desirable behaviors in warriors, but Fatur saw one missing trait – extreme aggressive rage. For that, he looked through his ethnobotany seed catalog and came up with henbane or stinking henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), an herb dating back to the ancient Greeks whose uses include as a narcotic, painkiller, cure for insomnia, anesthetic, knock-out drug and truth serum. And … anger.

“This anger effect can range from agitation to full-blown rage and combativeness depending on the dosage and the individual’s mental set … It would have reduced their sensation of pain and made them wild, unpredictable and highly aggressive. There may also have been dissociative effects, such as losing touch with reality. This might have allowed them to kill indiscriminately without moral qualms.”

In other words, the ultimate warrior … except for the wild and unpredictable parts. Accounts of Berserkers also say that the warriors had headaches and blurred vision for days after a battle – symptoms of henbane, not fly agaric. Finally, henbane is much more common in Scandinavia. All of that seems believable – except for the part about Vikings drinking the herb in tea. Not exactly known for having a cup with pinkies raised, Fatur also suggests it could have been rubbed on as a topical ointment, which is apparently how the ancient Greeks used it.

Waiting for the tea to kick in

And yes, Berserkers is where the word ‘berserk’ originated. The Old Norse word “berserkr” means “bear-strong” or “bear shirt” and may have referred to the clothing of the warriors. Since bears are fearsome animals, the look helped their aggressiveness and the henbane their wild animal behavior. The traits later included supernatural powers, but today it just means out of control with anger or frenzy.

There’s some questioning of Fatur’s theory by Viking scholars, since there are no records of warriors ingesting any kind of drugs or strange substances before battle, but the effects of henbane match the Berserker behavior.

Even Vikings drank tea if it meant going berserk.



Âm Nhạc Ẩm Thực Angela Phương Trinh Angelina Jolie Bảo Thy benh-gan Bộ Ảnh - Video Brad Pitt Bùa Ngải Bước Nhảy Hoàn Vũ cac-benh-ve-gan Cao Thái Sơn Chi Pu Chuyện chỉ có ở Trung Quốc Chuyện kỳ lạ về trẻ em Chuyện Lạ Chuyện lạ bốn phương chọn lọc Chuyện lạ cảm động về các loài vật Chuyện lạ khó tin nhưng lại có thật Chuyện lạ ở Nhật Bản Chuyện lạ thế giới khó tin nhưng có thật Chuyện lạ về các loài vật Chuyện lạ về các tài năng hiếm có Chuyện lạ về chó và mèo Chuyện lạ về du lịch Chuyện lạ về hôn nhân - vợ chồng Chuyện lạ về những kỷ lục giảm cân Chuyện lạ về sữa Chuyện lạ Việt Nam có thật Cine Cộng Đồng Mạng Công Nghệ Cung Hoàng Đạo Cường Đô La Đàm Vĩnh Hưng Đàn Ông Đặng Thu Thảo dang-mieng Đĩa Bay Diễm My 9x Điện Ảnh Diệp Lâm Anh Đỗ Mạnh Cường Đời Sống doi-song Đông Nhi Đồng Tính Động Vật Du Lịch Đức Phúc fashion Gay Giảm cân Giáo Dục Giới Trẻ Hồ Ngọc Hà Hoa Hậu Hòa Minzy Hoài Linh Hoàng Thùy Linh Học Tiếng Anh hoc-duong Hot News HotNews Hương Giang Idol Hương Tràm Huỳnh Hiểu Minh Issac Jennifer Phạm Jessica Minh Anh Kenbi Khánh Phạm Khám Phá kham-pha Khánh Hiền Khmer News khoa-hoc khoa-hoc-cong-nghe Khoảnh Khắc Lan Khuê Lazada Lê Xuân Tiền Lều Phương Anh Linh Nga Lý Hải Mai Phương Thúy Maria Ozawa Mẹo Vặt Midu Minh Hằng Miu Lê Món ngon mỗi ngày Mọt Phim Musik Mỹ Linh Mỹ Tâm News Ngô Kiến Huy Ngọc Trinh Người ngoài hành tinh Nhật Kim Anh Những chuyện kỳ quặc trên thế giới Những hiện tượng bí ẩn và khó hiểu Những người có khả năng đặc biệt Noo Phước Thịnh Ốc Thanh Vân oto-xe-may Phạm Băng Băng Phạm Hương Phẫu Thuật Thẩm Mỹ Phong cách Phượng Channel Pokémon Go Quang Dũng Sao Shopping Sĩ Thanh Sơn Tùng M-TP sport Star Sức Khỏe suc-khoe suc-khoe-gioi-tinh Tâm Linh Tâm Sự Tăng Thanh Hà Taylor Swift Thanh Hằng Thành Lộc Thanh Thảo The Face - Gương mặt thương hiệu Thể Hình The Remix – Hòa Âm Ánh Sáng the-gioi Thời Trang Thu Minh Thu Phương Thượng Ẩn Thúy Nga Tin Nổi Bật Tin Nóng Tin Thế Giới Tin Trong Nước Tình Yêu Tom Cruise Trà Ngọc Hằng Trấn Thành Trường Giang Trương Nam Thành Tử Vi tv-show UFO Ung Thư Video Việt Hương Vietnam's Next Top Model Vĩnh Thụy Võ Cảnh Võ Hoàng Yến Vũ Khắc Tiệp Vũ Ngọc Anh Vũ Ngọc Đãng xa-hoi xe xo-gan Xu Hướng - Làm Đẹp
GIẢI TRÍ SAO 24H: Rampaging Vikings Were Probably High on Psychedelic Tea
Rampaging Vikings Were Probably High on Psychedelic Tea
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All BÀI CÙNG CHỦ ĐỀ LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago