Archive Pages Design$type=blogging

Mystery Religion at Lake Titicaca Pre-Dated The Incas by 500 Years

There’s no better way to learn about a culture than to study what they ate and what they sacrificed instead in their rituals. In the case o...


There’s no better way to learn about a culture than to study what they ate and what they sacrificed instead in their rituals. In the case of the Tiwanaku culture in South America, that has been difficult due to their short existence (less than 600 years) in a time predating the vast Inca empire which gets all of the research and publicity due to its bad luck of being around when the Europeans showed up and wrote their own ‘conquerors’ history of them.

We may finally know more about the Tiwanaku with the recent underwater discovery in Bolivia’s Lake Titicaca near the Island of the Sun of objects and animal bones used as offerings in their religious rituals – rituals which may have taken place on boats. These are discoveries that will help historians not rewrite history but write the true history of the pre-Columbian cultures of South America.

“People often associate the Island of the Sun with the Incas because it was an important pilgrimage location for them and because they left behind numerous ceremonial buildings and offerings on and around this island. Our research shows that the Tiwanaku people, who developed in Lake Titicaca between 500 and 1,100 AD, were the first people to offer items of value to religious deities in the area.”

Llamas were part of the rituals – although not voluntarily.

Jose Capriles, assistant professor of anthropology at Penn State and co-author of the paper on the discovery published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals in a Penn State press release that the Tiwanaku people not only pre-date the Incas in the area but also pre-date their use of Lake Titicaca and the Island of the Sun for their religion. While there is evidence of their existence in the area, so little is above ground that the researchers decided to search the lake for artifacts that may have been washed in, covered by flooding or tossed in by subsequent cultures. Using sonar and underwater three-dimensional photogrammetry, they scanned the Khoa Reef and then dredged the sediment. In it, they found ceramic puma-shaped incense burners, the bones of sacrificed young llamas, and gold, shell and stone ornaments. (Pictures here.) They knew these were religious objects because the puma was sacred to the Tiwanaku people. However, a non-religious object was the most revealing.

“The presence of anchors near the offerings suggests that officiating authorities may have deposited the offerings during rituals held from boats.”

Capriles believes the use of the waters around the Island of the Sun for rituals was the beginning of the end of local religions and the start of a common larger and more organized one – a religion that may have coincided with the rise in power of the Tiwanaku. Other research has shown that the city of Tiwanaku eventually (between 600-800 CE) became a trade center based on ceramics, which were also used for religious rituals. This allowed the Tiwanaku to exert a kind of ‘soft’ control over other peoples in the area by selling or trading artifacts to those coming to Lake Titicaca and the Island of the Sun to worship.

What these newly-discovered artifacts don’t provide is any new evidence to solve the mystery of the sudden disappearance of the Tiwanaku around 1000 CE. Soil samples discount drought as the cause, while toppled monuments and the collapse of the ceramics trade indicate the religion may have fallen hand-in-hand with the government. Or did one cause the other?

Whatever the case, the Tiwanaku were replaced by the Incas, who were conquered by the Europeans. That part of history can’t change, but the details of the rich cultures that existed in Central and South America before Columbus can.



Âm Nhạc Ẩm Thực Angela Phương Trinh Angelina Jolie Bảo Thy benh-gan Bộ Ảnh - Video Brad Pitt Bùa Ngải Bước Nhảy Hoàn Vũ cac-benh-ve-gan Cao Thái Sơn Chi Pu Chuyện chỉ có ở Trung Quốc Chuyện kỳ lạ về trẻ em Chuyện Lạ Chuyện lạ bốn phương chọn lọc Chuyện lạ cảm động về các loài vật Chuyện lạ khó tin nhưng lại có thật Chuyện lạ ở Nhật Bản Chuyện lạ thế giới khó tin nhưng có thật Chuyện lạ về các loài vật Chuyện lạ về các tài năng hiếm có Chuyện lạ về chó và mèo Chuyện lạ về du lịch Chuyện lạ về hôn nhân - vợ chồng Chuyện lạ về những kỷ lục giảm cân Chuyện lạ về sữa Chuyện lạ Việt Nam có thật Cine Cộng Đồng Mạng Công Nghệ Cung Hoàng Đạo Cường Đô La Đàm Vĩnh Hưng Đàn Ông Đặng Thu Thảo dang-mieng Đĩa Bay Diễm My 9x Điện Ảnh Diệp Lâm Anh Đỗ Mạnh Cường Đời Sống doi-song Đông Nhi Đồng Tính Động Vật Du Lịch Đức Phúc fashion Gay Giảm cân Giáo Dục Giới Trẻ Hồ Ngọc Hà Hoa Hậu Hòa Minzy Hoài Linh Hoàng Thùy Linh Học Tiếng Anh hoc-duong Hot News HotNews Hương Giang Idol Hương Tràm Huỳnh Hiểu Minh Issac Jennifer Phạm Jessica Minh Anh Kenbi Khánh Phạm Khám Phá kham-pha Khánh Hiền Khmer News khoa-hoc khoa-hoc-cong-nghe Khoảnh Khắc Lan Khuê Lazada Lê Xuân Tiền Lều Phương Anh Linh Nga Lý Hải Mai Phương Thúy Maria Ozawa Mẹo Vặt Midu Minh Hằng Miu Lê Món ngon mỗi ngày Mọt Phim Musik Mỹ Linh Mỹ Tâm News Ngô Kiến Huy Ngọc Trinh Người ngoài hành tinh Nhật Kim Anh Những chuyện kỳ quặc trên thế giới Những hiện tượng bí ẩn và khó hiểu Những người có khả năng đặc biệt Noo Phước Thịnh Ốc Thanh Vân oto-xe-may Phạm Băng Băng Phạm Hương Phẫu Thuật Thẩm Mỹ Phong cách Phượng Channel Pokémon Go Quang Dũng Sao Shopping Sĩ Thanh Sơn Tùng M-TP sport Star Sức Khỏe suc-khoe suc-khoe-gioi-tinh Tâm Linh Tâm Sự Tăng Thanh Hà Taylor Swift Thanh Hằng Thành Lộc Thanh Thảo The Face - Gương mặt thương hiệu Thể Hình The Remix – Hòa Âm Ánh Sáng the-gioi Thời Trang Thu Minh Thu Phương Thượng Ẩn Thúy Nga Tin Nổi Bật Tin Nóng Tin Thế Giới Tin Trong Nước Tình Yêu Tom Cruise Trà Ngọc Hằng Trấn Thành Trường Giang Trương Nam Thành Tử Vi tv-show UFO Ung Thư Video Việt Hương Vietnam's Next Top Model Vĩnh Thụy Võ Cảnh Võ Hoàng Yến Vũ Khắc Tiệp Vũ Ngọc Anh Vũ Ngọc Đãng xa-hoi xe xo-gan Xu Hướng - Làm Đẹp
GIẢI TRÍ SAO 24H: Mystery Religion at Lake Titicaca Pre-Dated The Incas by 500 Years
Mystery Religion at Lake Titicaca Pre-Dated The Incas by 500 Years
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All BÀI CÙNG CHỦ ĐỀ LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago