Archive Pages Design$type=blogging

Mysteries of the World’s Oldest City

Overlooking the Konya Plain of Turkey, which sprawls out over hundreds of square miles of remote, desolate wilderness, and just about 30 mi...

>

Overlooking the Konya Plain of Turkey, which sprawls out over hundreds of square miles of remote, desolate wilderness, and just about 30 miles from the regional capital of Konya near a river that dried up millennia ago is a mysterious ancient settlement called Çatalhöyük. Long vanished from the face of known history, it was unearthed in 1958 when archeologist James Mellaart and his team began investigating two foothills that seemed to show promise of archeological finds, but when they began digging it would turn out to be far older and more bizarre than they had ever imagined, their excavation slowly bringing into the light one of the most ancient, unusual, and indeed mysterious cities on the face of the earth, challenging our ideas on prehistoric people in the process.

The first intriguing aspect of this forgotten city is its incredible age, which dates back to at an estimated roughly 7500 B.C., making it around 9,500 years old and making the other Roman ruins of the region seem positively modern by comparison. It is so old, in fact, that Çatalhöyük is believed to be one of the oldest known organized settlements in the world, earning it the nickname “The World’s Oldest City,” in an era when humanity was still largely nomadic wanderers. Outside of the city limits was found evidence of agriculture, which would have been a revolutionary concept for these hunter-gatherers and very experimental in nature, as well as millions of bones from sheep, cattle, goats, horses, dogs, boar, fox, deer, hare, and many other species that suggest they were practicing herding and keeping livestock rather than hunting.

All of this is not even the most unique thing about this mysterious city. Mellaart and other archeologists over the years have found that it follows a very unusual lay out, in that it had no roads, with the mud brick and plaster windowless houses arranged in tight clusters right up against each other with no footpaths between them and holes in the roofs of the dwellings instead of doors. It is thought that there was once a network of ladders that spanned the honeycomb-like structure of the place and that the residents would navigate this web to access buildings and enter through the roof, although no one is really quite sure why this should be. It is all a very unique organization and construction style that hasn’t been seen before or since, and it is not understood why it should have been built this way.

Çatalhöyük

There are other oddities as well. The houses are adorned with various paintings and the skulls of bulls prominently displayed, the significance of these skulls still a mystery, as well as littered with various objects fashioned of obsidian and numerous figurines of advanced craftsmanship. There have been some rather anomalous objects found here as well, such as a mural which is believed to show an overhead view of the village and the Hasan Daği volcano 80 miles away, making it what is believed to be the world’s oldest map, as well as a head fashioned out of plaster and adorned with inscrutable obsidian eyes that had been set up near a storehouse almost as if it were watching over it.

Most of the homes were equipped with a sort of crude hearth used for warmth, ventilation, and cooking, and the dead were buried not in a communal cemetery, but beneath the hard-packed earth of the homes themselves. Again, why the dead should be buried like this is, like much of the rest of this fascinating place, unknown. In some cases, the bodies were found to have had skulls that had been removed and then reburied for reasons unknown, possibly for ritualistic purposes, skulls that had been hit with rocks but not fatally, and most of the bodies held evidence that they had been kept out in the open air for a time before burial. Why? Who knows? There is also the oddity that in many cases the remains buried within a single house are not biologically related, making it even more bizarre. Despite this odd burial method, the houses and indeed the city itself all demonstrate an unusual level of cleanliness, with waste burned and buried and the buildings constantly re-plastered to a smooth finish to maintain a new look, and it is believed that the residents were remarkably healthy for the era due to this cleanliness, making it all the more impressive for that period of history.

At its peak, the ancient city of Çatalhöyük is estimated to have had around 10,000 residents, making it not only one of the oldest cities, but also the largest for the era. For the time this would have been a bustling urban metropolis, and just as amazing is that it had extreme longevity, with the city believed to have been inhabited over a span of 2,000 years and covering 18 layers of dwellings as it evolved and was built up over the millennia. Also rather impressive is the structure of the society itself. Although there are no written records here, study of the remains shows very little difference in quality of life or workloads between men and women, and the homes are all nearly identical, with no obvious societal gaps, all of this suggesting that this was a remarkably egalitarian society. There doesn’t even seem to be a base for any type of leading government. Everyone seems to have had the same quality of life, the same access to goods, and the same level of health, and it would have been almost a utopia. However, there might have been some drawbacks to this, as current chief archeologist Ian Hodder has said:

We believe people in Çatalhöyük were quite equal, but it might not have been the nicest society to live in. Residents had to submit to a lot of social control — if you didn’t fit in, you presumably left. What Çatalhöyük may show is that such a society only works with strong homogeneity. For many generations, it was very unacceptable for individual households to accumulate [wealth]. Once they started to do so, there is evidence that more problems started to arise.

It is perhaps this emerging inequality that led to this civilization’s doom. It has long been a mystery as to what happened to the city of Çatalhöyük, as it was continuously inhabited for 2,000 years and then seemingly overnight it was just abandoned. Theories have ranged from some pestilence to an invasion, to a volcanic eruption, but there is no real evidence for any of this. More likely is that the growing social divide and rise of different classes in their previously egalitarian society caused rifts between the people and unrest, causing it all to deteriorate and crumble. There is a chance that we will eventually learn more about this once great city that was well ahead of its time. Only a small fraction of it has been unearthed to date, so it is quite possible we will uncover answers lying there under the earth. However at the moment no one really knows, and the fall of Çatalhöyük, and almost everything else about it, remains just as shrouded in mystery as ever.

COMMENTS

Loading...
Name

Âm Nhạc Ẩm Thực Angela Phương Trinh Angelina Jolie Bảo Thy benh-gan Bộ Ảnh - Video Brad Pitt Bùa Ngải Bước Nhảy Hoàn Vũ cac-benh-ve-gan Cao Thái Sơn Chi Pu Chuyện chỉ có ở Trung Quốc Chuyện kỳ lạ về trẻ em Chuyện Lạ Chuyện lạ bốn phương chọn lọc Chuyện lạ cảm động về các loài vật Chuyện lạ khó tin nhưng lại có thật Chuyện lạ ở Nhật Bản Chuyện lạ thế giới khó tin nhưng có thật Chuyện lạ về các loài vật Chuyện lạ về các tài năng hiếm có Chuyện lạ về chó và mèo Chuyện lạ về du lịch Chuyện lạ về hôn nhân - vợ chồng Chuyện lạ về những kỷ lục giảm cân Chuyện lạ về sữa Chuyện lạ Việt Nam có thật Cine Cộng Đồng Mạng Công Nghệ Cung Hoàng Đạo Cường Đô La Đàm Vĩnh Hưng Đàn Ông Đặng Thu Thảo dang-mieng Đĩa Bay Diễm My 9x Điện Ảnh Diệp Lâm Anh Đỗ Mạnh Cường Đời Sống doi-song Đông Nhi Đồng Tính Động Vật Du Lịch Đức Phúc fashion Gay Giảm cân Giáo Dục Giới Trẻ Hồ Ngọc Hà Hoa Hậu Hòa Minzy Hoài Linh Hoàng Thùy Linh Học Tiếng Anh hoc-duong Hot News HotNews Hương Giang Idol Hương Tràm Huỳnh Hiểu Minh Issac Jennifer Phạm Jessica Minh Anh Kenbi Khánh Phạm Khám Phá kham-pha Khánh Hiền Khmer News khoa-hoc khoa-hoc-cong-nghe Khoảnh Khắc Lan Khuê Lazada Lê Xuân Tiền Lều Phương Anh Linh Nga Lý Hải Mai Phương Thúy Maria Ozawa Mẹo Vặt Midu Minh Hằng Miu Lê Món ngon mỗi ngày Mọt Phim Musik Mỹ Linh Mỹ Tâm News Ngô Kiến Huy Ngọc Trinh Người ngoài hành tinh Nhật Kim Anh Những chuyện kỳ quặc trên thế giới Những hiện tượng bí ẩn và khó hiểu Những người có khả năng đặc biệt Noo Phước Thịnh Ốc Thanh Vân oto-xe-may Phạm Băng Băng Phạm Hương Phẫu Thuật Thẩm Mỹ Phong cách Phượng Channel Pokémon Go Quang Dũng Sao Shopping Sĩ Thanh Sơn Tùng M-TP sport Star Sức Khỏe suc-khoe suc-khoe-gioi-tinh Tâm Linh Tâm Sự Tăng Thanh Hà Taylor Swift Thanh Hằng Thành Lộc Thanh Thảo The Face - Gương mặt thương hiệu Thể Hình The Remix – Hòa Âm Ánh Sáng the-gioi Thời Trang Thu Minh Thu Phương Thượng Ẩn Thúy Nga Tin Nổi Bật Tin Nóng Tin Thế Giới Tin Trong Nước Tình Yêu Tom Cruise Trà Ngọc Hằng Trấn Thành Trường Giang Trương Nam Thành Tử Vi tv-show UFO Ung Thư Video Việt Hương Vietnam's Next Top Model Vĩnh Thụy Võ Cảnh Võ Hoàng Yến Vũ Khắc Tiệp Vũ Ngọc Anh Vũ Ngọc Đãng xa-hoi xe xo-gan Xu Hướng - Làm Đẹp
false
ltr
item
GIẢI TRÍ SAO 24H: Mysteries of the World’s Oldest City
Mysteries of the World’s Oldest City
https://mysteriousuniverse.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/reconstruction_swogger-643x440.jpg
GIẢI TRÍ SAO 24H
https://www.giaitrisao24h.com/2019/09/mysteries-of-worlds-oldest-city.html
https://www.giaitrisao24h.com/
https://www.giaitrisao24h.com/
https://www.giaitrisao24h.com/2019/09/mysteries-of-worlds-oldest-city.html
true
5412201294335186192
UTF-8
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All BÀI CÙNG CHỦ ĐỀ LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago