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How do Venezuelans live with $ 2 a month

With the last devaluation of the Central Bank announced last Thursday, the minimum wage fell to $ 2 a month, and it is not enough to buy a pound of cheese

With the last devaluation of the Central Bank announced last Thursday, the minimum wage fell to $ 2 a month, and it is not enough to buy a pound of cheese

There are those who, in the evening after having spent a day in the ward working as a nurse for a starvation wage, "transform" and become mariachi : they sing the serenades, and also perform in bars. To make ends meet, the Venezuelans are inventing anything.

Others, for example, choose to become pastry chefs , they improvise producers of lacquer , just to name a few so-called legitimate activities. The truth is that they are hungry. The economic situation of the South American Switzerland is now collapsing, and with the inflation that is galloping at an exorbitant rate of 1.579,2% per year, its inhabitants are always poorer.

With the last devaluation of the central bank announced last Thursday, the minimum wage fell to $ 2 a month, and it is not enough to buy a pound of cheese. 

A year ago, the minimum wage was $ 30. A US dollar is now worth 20,000 bolivars, the national currency, and the minimum wage is in fact 40,000 bolivars, but in the parallel market, the Venezuelan currency is even more devalued, being a dollar quoted at 26,000 bolivars.

And so the belt is tightened, to the point that according to some data provided by the deputy Alfonso Marquina , the consumption of beef and milk contracted by 80%, those of eggs and hens by 70%.

What to do with $ 2 a month? You only buy 1 kg of potatoes or tomatoes, 5 cups of coffee and half a burger. Not even a whole pizza , you can only eat three quarters. According to local NGOs, 80% of the population eat less than 5 years ago and about 100,000 people consume only one meal a day .

To buy flour and lentils, inevitable, many women are reduced to becoming escorts and escorts. And all boil down to doing the most disparate trades, just to earn some change. Also, indeed, to make the mariachis: make a serenade double the monthly salary, which comes in this way to 10 dollars.

The luckiest Venezuelans manage to leave the country : since 2016, 3.3 million Venezuelans have packed up. Camilo Torres remained instead , selling cakes and ice cream at home: three years ago, he weighed 120 kilos, now 65. "I am thin because I am hungry", he confesses. His four children have broken shoes . He also works in the hospital, only his uniform is dirty, because there is no detergent needed to wash it.

In a country where 48% of the population is below the poverty line (but according to the UN is 87%), soap is a luxury. And to cook, they split the wood in the woods. The truth is that not even the so-called 'rich' are doing well, because often the money is not needed because the basic necessities do not manage to buy them anyway, for the simple fact that they are not there.

For example, medicines : they lack everything, even what they need to do blood tests. He did it to leave, however, Yelitza Paredes , a mother of five, biology teacher, who managed to get to Rio de Janeiro . In Caracas, with his family, they only ate cassava (a tuber, rich in carbohydrates, the basis of many South American recipes), and only once a day. Now, in Rio, his expectation is to find a good job to continue helping his family in his country.

The data speak for themselves: from November 2018 to June 2019, the most recent period for which they are available, the official requests for refugee status by Venezuelan women and elderly people exceeded those of men. Colombian shelters and charities warn against the exponential rise of pregnant women, children and the elderly who enter the country through dangerous roads and illegal channels.

With over 4 million displaced people, the Venezuelan refugee crisis has become the second largest in the world after Syria , but has received only a fraction of the aid that went to the Middle Eastern country. The situation is becoming unsustainable in Maicao , one of the poorest cities in Colombia and a smuggling center due to its border position.

According to local authorities, Venezuelan immigration has skyrocketed the number of inhabitants to 280,000, 58% more than three years ago. Doctors at the San José Hospital say they have treated more than 7,100 Venezuelans between January and June, including more than 2,000 pregnant women and nearly 1,000 children under the age of 5.

The sidewalks are covered by needy Venezuelans who sleep on the cardboard. Among them is Katherine Muñoz , 20 years old, pregnant and with a child of 18 months. His daughter Josiani is naked, because, according to her mother, someone stole the clothes she was drying. "Living on the street is difficult", he says "But it's better than Venezuela". The problem is that there is no trend reversal and in the country the situation remains very complex: the pressures due to US duties , the economic measures that have aggravated the economic crisis, have led to the suspension of the dialogues between the Maduro government and the opposition. And while it is being done, or trying to do it, people are literally starving.



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GIẢI TRÍ SAO 24H: How do Venezuelans live with $ 2 a month
How do Venezuelans live with $ 2 a month
With the last devaluation of the Central Bank announced last Thursday, the minimum wage fell to $ 2 a month, and it is not enough to buy a pound of cheese
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